FAQ – General
What is Keychange?
Keychange is an international campaign which invests in emerging talent whilst encouraging music festivals, orchestras, conservatoires, broadcasters, concert halls, agents, record labels and all music organisations to sign up to a 50:50 gender balance pledge by 2022.
Keychange is led by Reeperbahn Festival, PRS Foundation and Musikcentrum Öst, supported by the Creative Europe programme of the European Union, in partnership with Tallinn Music Week, Iceland Airwaves, BIME, Oslo World, Linecheck/Music Innovation Hub, Ireland Music Week, SACEM, Liverpool Sound City, Way Out West, Spring Break, MAMA, Mutek and Breakout West. Find out about our other generous supporters here.
Keychange 2.0 will support 74 participants each year. Selected through an Open Call process, the participants will be made up of music creators and innovative music industry professionals from Canada, Estonia, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, and the UK. The participants will take part in an extensive talent development programme of showcases, panels, workshops, and creative labs at 13 festivals across Europe and Canada, including 2 full network meetups in February and September.
The festival partners are Reeperbahn Festival (Germany), Spring Break (Poland), Iceland Airwaves, Tallinn Music Week (Estonia), Way Out West (Sweden), Mutek (Canada), Breakout West (Canada), Liverpool Sound City (UK), MAMA (France), Ireland Music Week, BIME (Spain), Linecheck (Italy), and Oslo World (Norway), all of which will host 6-12 international Keychange participants.
How did Keychange come about?
- It began in 2017 as a European talent development programme for emerging artists and innovators led by PRS Foundation
- The 50:50 pledge was proposed by Keychange festival partners who wanted to show they are serious in their commitment to gender equality in addition to offering showcasing opportunities to underrepresented talent.
- Since then festivals from all over the world have signed up to the pledge making Keychange a movement for positive change, and in June 2019, the Keychange pledge expanded to invite all music organisations to sign up.
- In 2019 Keychange announced a new 4 year programme with new project leads Reeperbahn Festival, funded by Creative Europe. 74 participants will be recruited each year in 2020, 2021 and 2022.
Isn’t this discriminatory towards men?
- The founding partner PRS Foundation has lots of similar opportunities that are open to cis men, as do our partners, associate festivals and signatories. Keychange isn’t about taking opportunities away from anyone, it’s about creating new opportunities for people who have been consistently held back. From our evaluations of similar funds (see here) this kind of targeted supported is needed to empower a diverse range of people to come forward, boost confidence, create role models, and make long lasting change throughout the industry.
What next for the Keychange programme?
- Keychange 2.0 will support 74 participants each year. Selected through an Open Call process, the participants will be made up of music creators and innovative music industry professionals from Canada, Estonia, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, and the UK.
- Meanwhile, Keychange partners are encouraging more festivals and other music organisations join the gender equality pledge in order to create sustainable change in the music industry and to show that it is possible for festivals and any music organisation to successfully achieve this balance.
What happens after 2022?
- Based on the interest so far, this looks like it’s a programme that will build momentum over time and will last as long as it takes.
- We’ll use the data we gather and the feedback from the participating festivals to guide any further steps the programme might take, whether that’s continuing to focus on festivals or other areas of the music industry.
- Success will be the moment when Keychange isn’t needed any more, but until then we will do what we can to promote positive action in the music industry.
Why is Keychange needed?
- Representation of women in the music industry remains very low in all European countries. Across the participating countries’ collecting societies, women represent 20% or less of registered composers and songwriters. Earnings for women are even lower and women are under-represented in leadership roles across the industry and on stages at festival programmes. Read more about the gender gap in music via the links below:
FAQ – Open Call
How can I apply to be a Keychange participant?
We recruit participants in October 2019, 2020 and 2021. When applications are open you can apply here.
What is the time commitment?
Participants will be required to take part in a full network meet-up in February and a full network meet-up at Reeperbahn Festival in September. Both meet-ups last less than a week. In the application form you will be able to state which festivals you are available for throughout the year and you may be selected to perform or attend one or more of our festival partners. Mentoring and further contact will be organised with the local partner and/or online.
What about gender minority performers and professionals?
We will include all women and gender minorities in the 50% target for the Keychange pledge and within the Keychange 2.0 participant selection process. This includes bands or groups with mixed genders. Keychange is based on inclusivity – we acknowledge and represent all genders and our aim is to empower underrepresented genders who might have experienced barriers.
What do you mean by gender minority?
This is a way of acknowledging everyone who is underrepresented in music and might have encountered barriers because of their gender. We do not just include cis women in our campaign for equality, we also welcome applications and encourage our festivals to empower minority genders including (but not limited to) agender and non-binary people. We welcome applications from trans people (AMAB and AFAB), and we are happy to speak to you if you are unsure if Keychange is for you, so we can support your application or participation in the Keychange programme. We believe that inclusivity and intersectionality are vital in the steps that we make towards equality and we want to ensure our talent development programme and the Keychange pledge is as inclusive as possible. If you are unsure if Keychange is for you, please email email@example.com and someone can speak to you about the campaign and the programme.
For more information on different gender identities, please see here.
Can I apply if I’m from, but not based in one of the participating countries?
No, you have to be legally based in one of our 12 participating countries to apply: Canada, Estonia, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, and the UK.
Is there an age restriction?
Can I apply if I’m in a mixed gender group?
Yes, we believe it’s important to champion women and gender minorities in all roles in the music industry so we welcome mixed gender groups. The woman or person of gender minority will be the Keychange participant.
Read the full Keychange criteria here.
FAQ – Pledge
How do I sign my festival/organisation up to the Keychange pledge?
Please send information about your event or organisation to firstname.lastname@example.org
What’s the current gender balance across live music festivals?
- In the UK in 2017, women made up 26% of the line-up in a sample of large music festivals and less than 10% of headliners in a survey conducted in the US.
- In our Keychange network some festivals are further away from the target than others. Some are leading the way by having already achieved a 50:50 balance and are using Keychange as an opportunity to promote how they’ve reached this target.
Why is the target set for 2022?
- We launched the Keychange programme towards the end of 2017 so this pledge was established as a 5 year framework for change.
- Keychange is the first collective approach to tackling gender equality at festivals and throughout the music industry, so we’re starting with specific, measured steps, shaped by the festivals and organisations themselves which gives everyone a chance of making tangible progress and creating realistic long term change.
- We think 2022 is an ambitious but achievable target with time for change year on year.
What do you mean by 50:50?
- Festivals and organisations are making a gender balance commitment which makes sense to their own set up, programme and music genre e.g. major classical events like BBC Proms and Aldeburgh Festivals are looking at the number of women and gender minority composers they commission, popular music festivals are looking at the number of women and gender minorities on their stages and industry showcases are also looking at their conference panels.
- 50:50 in line-ups of popular music festivals will be measured according to the number of acts featuring at least one woman or gender minority member.
Does 50:50 mean an even balance of festival headliners?
- Our priority in this first phase is to ensure that 50% of acts programmed include at least one woman/transgender/non-binary person. Many of the festivals are going further than this but we want this first target to be achievable and to encourage everyone who’s working on this to be thinking about long term change.
What if one year a festival’s programme is more balanced than another year between now and 2022?
- Some festivals will be aiming for an average 50:50 over the 4 years as their line-ups naturally fluctuate around the 50% mark.
And for other music organisations, in which areas are they being asked to apply the 50:50 target?
- Orchestras could use the 50:50 target for composers commissioned and/or number of players, no. of principal players, balance of senior staff
- Concert halls could look at line-ups on stage (as our Keychange festivals have) or other aspects of their organisation eg. senior staff, backstage staff
- Conservatoires could look at students, lecturers, senior staff teams, live music programmes, visiting musicians
- Agents, publishers and labels may want to look at the balance of artists they sign
- Other charities or trade bodies could also consider the make-up of their Board and staff whilst pledging to encourage its members to sign up to Keychange as well
- Broadcasters could use the pledge to look at the guests they invite onto their shows or presenters and music broadcast
- Publications and those employing editorial staff could apply the Keychange pledge when commissioning writers, editors, photographers etc.
- Organisations with youth groups or education programmes may also want to apply a Keychange pledge to this area of their workWe strongly believe that the target needs to be defined and owned by the festivals and organisations themselves and we will collate data annually to help measure progress.
Why aren’t you demanding exactly the same data from everyone?
- Because every festival and organisation is different, and depending of the festival or organisation in question, our signatories have made different pledges concerning a variety of areas within their set up.
- We are aiming to increase the number of women performing at festivals and working in the music industry at every level, rather than creating restrictive or off putting guidelines. Keychange is about celebrating the efforts being made by music organisations who sign up rather than naming and shaming those who don’t.
How do we go about collecting all of this data?
- All of the Keychange signatories are joining a pledge and providing data through a central database which we will keep track of over the next 4 years.
- The momentum building around gender equality across the creative industries at the moment gives us a great opportunity to start pushing for real change.
- There’s much more recognition of the gender gap in music than there was before. That’s the first step in this journey; now it’s about men and women in positions of influence promoting role models, investing in emerging talent, recognising the barriers for women in a male dominated industry and leading change that will benefit everyone. Current Keychange partners are encouraging more festivals to join the gender equality pledge in order to create sustainable change in the music industry and to show that it is possible for festivals to successfully achieve this balance.
Victoria Derbyshire (from 1:46:10)
Music Week – Keychange Announcement
International Arts Manager – Keychange Announcement
Festival Flyer – Keychange Announcement
Women in Music Blog – Keychange Announcement
CMU – Keychange Announcement
Record of the Day – Keychange Announcement
M Magazine – Keychange Announcement
Festival Insights – Keychange Announcement
Access All Areas – Keychange Announcement
Silent Radio – Keychange Announcement
Data Transmission – Keychange Announcement
Stern – Reeperbahn Panel Review
Kultur Port – Reeperbahn Preview
Mopo – Alexa Feser Keychange Interview
Ziet – Reeperbahn Preview
Hamburger Abendblatt – Reeperbahn Review
Deutschlandfunk – Reeperbahn Review
Radio Sweden – Iman Interview
GP – Gnucci Interview
P5 – Iman Interview
Musik Industrin – Keychange Launch